Stained Glass of Buckinghamshire Churches


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Window: 07, Nave W, Holy Trinity, Marlow

Important Church Note:
Church building now has a commercial use
Location in Church:
Nave W
Type:
4 lights
Size (width x height):
10' 2" x 19' 3" or 3.09m x 5.86m
Subject(s):
The 4 evangelists: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John. The 4 Doctors of the Church: Jerome, Ambrose, Augustine of Hippo, Gregory the Great.
Subject Notes:
The 4 Doctors of the Church, or Latin Doctors, or Great Church Fathers, were named in 1298 as the greatest teachers of the Christian faith.
Date Made:
1878 (inner 2 lights) 1879 (outer 2 lights)
Craftsman:
Sources for Dates & Craftsmen:
Bucks Herald, Sat 29 June 1878.
Donated by:
Presumed to be funded by collections, as the inner 2 lights were installed first, with the outer 2 following a year later once funds were available.
Notes on Window:
The window portrays a tier of the 4 Evangelists, and a tier of the 4 original "Doctors of the Church". The Doctors have unusually characteristic faces for a church stained glass window, so we show a close-up view of each of them. More...

 


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Window in Situ - Upper part from 1st Floor
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Window in Situ - Lower part from Ground Floor
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Overall View of Glass - Image compiled from many different photos.
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Complete Tracery: At the top is a portrayal of the War in Heaven, described in Revelation 12:7-10. Archangel Michael fights the dragon at the top, Raphael and Gabriel are below.
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Top of Tracery: Michael fights the Dragon above the flames of Hell, and is surrounded by 7 angels with scrolls bearing the Quote: "Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ" (Revelation 12:10).
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Top Tier: The 4 Evangelists, Matthew Mark, Luke and John. The scrolls above their heads carry extracts from the Apostles Creed.
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St Matthew, with a book, and his symbol at his feet.
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St Matthew's usual symbol is a man, but here is a boy with wings.
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St Mark, with a book, and his symbol at his feet.
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St Mark's symbol is a winged lion.
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St Luke, writing in a book, with his symbol at his feet.
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St Luke's symbol is a winged ox.
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St John, holding a chalice, with his symbol at his feet.
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St John's symbol is an eagle. Here we presume that the eagle is carrying a pen and inkwell.
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Lower Tier: The 4 Doctors of the Church, Saints Jerome, Ambrose, Augustine of Hippo, Gregory the Great, who were nominated in 1298 as the greatest teachers of the Christian faith. They are also known as the Great Church Fathers, or the Latin Doctors.
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St Jerome was a 4th century priest, best known for translating the Bible into Latin. At his feet is his symbol of a lion.
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Here St Jerome is reading from one book and writing on some other papers.
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St Ambrose was a Bishop of Milan in the 4th Century.
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As well as his Bishop's Crozier or Staff, St Ambrose is holding a whip or scourge, which he is often shown holding.
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This is the 4th century St Augustine of Hippo in North Africa. He is not to be confused with the 6th Century Augustine of Canterbury.
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As well as his Bishop's Crozier, St Augustine of Hippo is holding a ball of fire.
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St Gregory the Great was a late 6th Century Pope, whose Gregorian mission sent Augustine (a prior from Rome) to evangelise the pagans of Anglo-Saxon England in 596. He would, of course, become Augustine of Canterbury.
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St Gregory the Great is also known as Pope Gregory the 1st.
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This shows the lowest part of the West window, now obscured by a mezzanine floor, so these manipulated images cannot show good detail. They appear to include symbols which are related to the Four Doctors above, such as a book for St Jerome's writings, on the extreme left.
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Stained Glass of Buckinghamshire Churches

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©2015-2019 Michael G Hardy