Stained Glass of Buckinghamshire Churches

Notes on using this Website

Navigation around the Website

Information can be found via Index Pages, all accessed from the tabs at the top of every page. As also listed on the Home Page, windows can be found by Church, Artists/Makers, Makers Marks, Dedicatees, Donors, Subjects, and Dates.

The Churches Index also shows how many windows are included for each church.

The Craftsmen Index also shows how many windows are included for each craftsman.

All Indexes will lead you to a Church, and most will give you the option of going straight to a particular window in that church.

Further information is then shown in 3 tiers:

Church Pages: With thumbnails and a list of all the windows included on the website. Choose to look at any particular window.
Window Pages: With a thumbnail of the complete window, and usually thumbnails of detailed photos of that window.
Choose to look at any particular photo, or return to church page.
Or choose to look at any other window page for that church from a list of Code numbers.
Image Pages: Scroll forwards or backwards through the images for that window, or return to window page or church page.
Or choose to look at any other window page for that church from a list of Code numbers.

Every page has the same tabs at the top, to enable further searches via the Index Pages.

The information given on each type of page should mainly be self-explanatory, but below are some details of the criteria by which this website has now been set up.

Information for each Church (when available)

IMPORTANT CHURCH NOTE - Any details about the current status of the church.

DENOMINATION - Type of Church and its administrative area (Deanery for Church of England).

LOCAL AUTHORITY DISTRICT - To give a rough guide to its part of Buckinghamshire.

LOCATION OF PLACE - Geographical Address (not postal address) - see below

NEAREST POST CODE - Post code nearest to the entrance of the church.

O/S MAP REFERENCE / NGR - 10 digit Grid Reference.

LATITUDE & LONGITUDE - Lat & Long, and accurate Link to Google Map.

CHURCH WEB SITE - Link to church's own web site (or village website with church info).

CofE ACNY WEBSITE - Link to official "Church of England - A Church Near You" website.

BUCKSCHURCHES.UK WEBSITE - Link to our Architecture & History entry for church.

NOTES ON CHURCH - Any special information about the church.

CHURCH PLAN - Plan of church showing windows included, and orientation - see below.

THUMBNAILS OF COMPLETE WINDOWS - Choose any window to view in detail.

Information for each Window (when available)

CODE - Code Number of window in church (from 700 or 01 for E window) - see below.

LOCATION - Location in church - e.g. Chancel S (E2) - see below.

TYPE - Type of window - e.g. lancet, 2 light, 3 light, etc.

SIZE (height x width) - Approximate overall size of glass in a window (including stonework between panes) shown in Imperial & Metric measurements.

SUBJECT - Subject(s) portrayed in window - see below.

SUBJECT NOTES - Any additional information.

MADE - Date made or fitted - see more below - see below.

CRAFTSMAN - Name of Designer and/or Maker - see below.

CRAFTSMAN NOTES - Any additional information.

MAKERS MARK - If the window has a mark - see below.

EVIDENCE FOR ATTRIBUTION - Evidence for naming Designer and/or Maker - see below.

DEDICATEE - Person (or event) that window is dedicated to.

DONOR - Person that donated window.

FACULTY DATE - Date of church's official permission to fit window - see below.

WINDOW NOTES - Any special information about the window.

THUMBNAILS OF EACH IMAGE - Choose any image to view in detail.

Information for each Image (when available)

IMAGE - Complete window, or description, or Makers Mark.

PHOTOGRAPHER - Photographer of Image (with thanks).

Location of Place

In towns and large villages, this will show the address within the town or large village. However, with many smaller villages, postal addresses can be confusing, as they often refer to towns well outside Buckinghamshire. So we have included distances to the nearest town or large village within Buckinghamshire.

Orientation of Churches, or Direction faced

Most churches lie on a West-East axis, with the Chancel (and conventional place for the Altar) being at the East end. So looking down the Nave from the West end, usually the North side is on the left, and the South side is on the right.

Occasionally churches, and often chapels, are built in a different orientation, usually because of the shape of a site, or so that the entrance faces the road.

In such cases, this web site treats the Chancel as the "Liturgical East end" so the window at the end of the Chancel will be known as the East window, and will be Number 700 to conform with the standard numbering system (detailed below).

Church Plans are gradually being introduced to this web site which will identify the true orientation of each church.

Code Numbers

Each window in a church has a Code Number on this web site. The sequence starts with the East window, the numbers then proceed around the church in a clockwise direction. Windows on upper storeys, such as a clerestory, will usually be numbered as a separate sequence around the church, if they have any stained glass. The windows of porches, upper stories of towers, and later extensions such as vestries may not be included in the numbering sequence, unless they have stained glass.

Until October 2016 this website has used a numbering system similar to the one used by NADFAS for their church recording work, starting with 700 for the East window. However, for any particular church the numbers on this website may not have matched those in any NADFAS record that might exist for that church.

From November 2016 we will gradually be using a new series of Code Numbers which start with 01 for the East window. This will only apply for churches as we re-photograph them.

The position of a window is always indicated as well, and the gradual introduction of Church Plans on this website will make it easier to identify individual windows, by showing their Code Numbers and positions.


The windows in each church are listed in the order specified by the Numbering System (detailed above). The location of a window is described in this format:

Part of church, Direction faced (looking at window from inside), Order from east or west.

For example:

The introduction of Church Plans on this website will make it easier to identify individual windows.


Some large windows can include many subjects, so they will be listed together under details of the complete window. When possible we will try to separate them with individual images, and each will then have its specific subject noted.


A window sometimes has the date on it, and sometimes the date is known from a faculty or an inscription or from other sources such as a guide to the church.

A year preceded by a dagger (†) indicates a date of death of the dedicatee, which will obviously have relevance in estimating the date of a window.

Maker's Mark and Mark Type

On some windows, from the 19th century onwards, the artist and/or the manufacturer has put a mark on the window. This is most frequently found in a bottom corner, but may be anywhere on the window. The mark may be a name, name and address, or a rebus - often a pun on the maker's name.

The original version of this web site listed maker's marks by their catalogue type numbers from the original 1993 NADFAS Stained Glass Makers' Marks, which was amended in 1995. That list was superseded by the 2002 NADFAS Stained Glass Marks and Monograms, which was amended in 2009. From the March 2016 update of this website we have decided not to list the catalogue type numbers of maker's marks. However whenever possible, we will try to include images of the actual marks on the windows, which we think will mean more to most people, with or without access to the catalogues.


In theory, the installation of a window requires authority from the Diocese, and this authority is referred to as a faculty. There are very rarely copies of a faculty in a church, but most can be found in the Diocesan records deposited at the County Record Office at Oxford. These documents sometimes give details of the date, manufacturer and/or the dedicatee of a window. Where we have evidence of a faculty, its date is included.


Stained Glass of Buckinghamshire Churches

©2003-2013 Clifford and Monica Robinson

©2015-2017 Michael G Hardy